Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library

HM 1145

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BOOK OF HOURS, use of Rouen
France, s. XV2
1. ff. 1-12v: Calendar in French, alternating red and blue entries, with the major feasts in gold, including the feasts of Ansbert (9 February), Austreberta (10 February), Translation of Audoenus (5 May), Ursinus (12 June), Martialis (3 July, in gold), Vivianus (28 August), Nicasius (11 October), Mellonius (22 October), Romanus (23 October, in gold), Octave of Romanus (30 October), Ursinus (30 December). 2. ff. 13-20 [f. 13, blank]: Pericopes of the Gospels, that of John followed by the prayers, Protector in te sperantium…[Perdrizet, 25] and Ecclesiam tuam quesumus domine…; f. 20v, blank. 3. ff. 21-86v: Hours of the Virgin, use of Rouen; after lauds, suffrages of the Holy Spirit, Michael, John the Baptist, James the Greater, Lawrence, Eustachius, Denis, Romanus, Nicholas, Catherine of Alexandria, Margaret, All Saints, for peace; also after lauds, following the suffrages, Les v ioyes de nostre dame mere de dieu, Gaude virgo mater christi…[HE, 63-64], and Salve regina…[HE, 62-63] and the prayer, Deus qui beatissimam virginem mariam in conceptu…; one leaf missing after f. 66 with the end of sext and the beginning of none; following compline, Oratio devotissima de beatissima maria virgine, Inviolata integra et casta es maria…[RH 9094], with versicle, response and prayer, Deus qui salutis eterne beate marie virginitate fecunda… 4. ff. 87-104v: Penitential psalms and litany, including Nicasius and Eustachius among the martyrs; Romanus, Audoenus, Mellonius, Ansbert and Vivianus among the confessors; Austreberta and Veronica among the virgins; one leaf missing before f. 103 with a portion of the litany. 5. ff. 105-112v: Short hours of the Cross. 6. ff. 113-119v: Short hours of the Holy Spirit. 7. ff. 120-169v: Office of the Dead; responses to the lessons as in Sarum use. 8. ff. 170-194: Prayers as follow: Oroison tres devote de la benoite vierge marie, Obsecro te…et michi famulo tuo…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; Aultre oroison moult devote de la vierge marie et cetera, O Intemerata…orbis terrarum. De te enim…[Wilmart, 494-95]; Quiconque vult salvus esse…; Anima christi sanctifica me…[Leroquais, LH 2:340]; les xv ioyes, Doulce dame de misericorde…[Leroquais, LH 2:310-11]; Doulz dieu doulz pere saincte trinite…[Leroquais, LH 2:309-10]; Saincte vray croix aouree…[Sonet 1876]; f. 194v, blank. Parchment, ff. ii (paper) + i (parchment) + 194 + i (parchment) + ii (paper); 178 × 135 (89 × 57) mm. 112 28(through f. 20) 3-68 712(with 1, now a singleton, bound below as f. 70) 8 (ff. 64-71, of which ff. 64-66 apparently constitute the first half of the quire; a leaf missing after f. 66; f. 67 should be bound after f. 102; f. 68 in its correct position; f. 69 should be bound after f. 111; f. 70 should be bound above, before f. 53; f. 71 in its correct position) 9-118 126 13 (ff. 102, 67, a leaf missing, 103-111, 69, with stitching between ff. 106-107) 14-198 206 214(through f. 169) 228 234(through f. 181) 248(+1, f. 182) 254. 14 long lines, very faintly ruled in pale red ink. Written in 2 sizes of gothic book hand according to liturgical function; ink often flaking. Thirteen large miniatures usually above 3 lines of text in arched compartments with serrated tops; U-shaped frame around text and miniature, consisting of a narrow gold and color strip on the inside, and wide pink and blue segments on the other 2 sides; outer border of black ivy spray with blue and gold acanthus leaves, flowers, strawberries and gold motifs. The miniatures are: f. 13v (the Gospel pericopes), full page, blank on the recto but apparently part of the quire structure; the outer border, while of the same style as the others, is darker in color and finer in execution; the miniature is divided into 4 compartments, one for each evangelist and his symbol; f. 21 (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation, in a room defined by grey columns, pendant arches and brocaded cloths in the background; f. 33 (Lauds), Visitation, with Mary holding a book, and greeting a rather aged Elizabeth; f. 53 (Prime), Nativity, with Joseph holding a candle and in the background, a kneeling woman; f. 59 (Terce), Annunciation to the shepherds; f. 63v (Sext), Adoration of the Magi; opening leaf of none missing before f. 68; f. 73v (Vespers), Flight into Egypt; f. 80v (Compline), Coronation of the Virgin by an angel, while God the Father, wearing a papal tiara, blesses; f. 87 (Penitential psalms), David in prayer, his harp lying on a table and the angel appearing with upraised sword between David and God the Father; f. 105 (Hours of the Cross), Crucifixion, with Mary and John on either side; f. 113 (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; f. 120 (Office of the Dead), burial service in a churchyard, with the white-shrouded corpse being lowered into the grave by a worker, while 2 priests say the service and 3 mourners in black stand in the background; f. 182v, apparently intended to accompany the 15 Joys, which begin on the last 3 lines of f. 183, as if the original plan had been to place the miniature above the text; instead, the miniature was painted on the verso of an inserted singleton, left blank on its recto; the resulting blank space on f. 183 was then filled in by the prayer “Anima christi” in a slightly different hand; the border decoration on this added singleton is the same as that on f. 13v; the artist appears to be more capable; the scene depicts a woman in a red dress and black headdress kneeling before the Virgin and Child. 4- and 3-line initials in white-patterned blue or dark pink against a ground of the other color or against a gold ground, with colored trilobe leaf infilling against a gold ground; except in the presence of full borders, these initials produce marginal extensions of black ivy spray, flowers and gold motifs. 2- and 1-line initials in gold on alternating blue or dark pink grounds with infilling of the other color; ribbon line fillers of the same colors, or as small flowers; initials within the text touched in yellow. Rubrics in an orange-tinged red. Sixteenth century pen trials, now erased: ff. 4 (Jaques), 9v (Jaques du Losc?), 10, 12 (Jaques?), 187v (Jaques?), 188 (a flower), 192 (a bird?), 194, 194v (“venerable,” twice). Bound, s. XVIIex, in French gilt calf, rebacked, original spine laid down, with small fleurs-de-lis on spine and covers; holes remain from 2 fore edge ties; gilt edges. Written in France, and probably first owned by a woman to judge by the miniature on f. 182v, although the prayers are copied in the masculine forms; the area was Rouen, as indicated by the liturgical use and the saints in the calendar, suffrages and litany. Modern pencil note on front pastedown, “Lovejoy Library.” In the R. H. Charlton collection; sale by Anderson, New York, 12 November 1914, n. 263 to G. D. Smith. Precise source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 98.
De Ricci
S. De Ricci, with the assistance of W. H. Wilson, Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada (New York 1935-37; index 1940)
C. Wordsworth, ed., Horae Eboracenses. Surtees Society 132 (1920)
Leroquais, LH
V. Leroquais, Les Livres d’heures manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Nationale (Paris 1927-43)
P. Perdrizet, Le Calendrier parisien à la fin du moyen âge. Publications de la faculté de lettres de l’Université de Strasbourg 63 (Paris 1933)
U. Chevalier, Repertorium hymnologicum (Louvain 1892-1912, Brussels 1920-21)
J. Sonet, Répertoire d’incipit de prières en ancien français. Société de publications romanes et françaises 54 (Geneva 1956)
A. Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du moyen âge latin (Paris 1932; repr. 1971)

C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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