Guide To Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library
BOOK OF HOURS, use of Rome1. ff. 1-12v: Calendar in French in red and black with the feasts of the Elevation of Eleutherius (9 July), “Nostre damme de le nive” (5 August), Transfiguration (6 August), Remigius and Piatus (1 October, in red), Piatus (29 October); erasures of red feasts at 20 February, 9 May and 25 August seem to have been those of Eleutherius, the dedication of the Church of St. Mary in Tournai (?), and the translation of Eleutherius; other erasures of red feasts, now illegible, at 28 July, 10 and 15 August; f. 13r-v, ruled as for a calendar, but blank. 2. ff. 14-22 [f. 14, blank]: Short hours of the Cross; f. 22v, ruled, but blank. 3. ff. 23-29v [f. 23, blank]: Short hours of the Holy Spirit; f. 30r-v, ruled, but blank. 4. ff. 31-102 [f. 31, blank]: Hours of the Virgin, use of Rome; suffrages of All Saints from lauds to compline; ff. 93v-94v, Salve Regina; ff. 95-102, weekly variations of psalms at matins; f. 102v, ruled, but blank. 5. ff. 103-121 [f. 103, blank]: Penitential psalms and litany, including Quentin, Remigius, Eleutherius, Brictius, Amand, Sabina; f. 121v, ruled, but blank. 6. ff. 122-166: Office of the Dead, use of Rome; f. 166v, ruled, but blank. 7. ff. 167-190: Prayers as follow: Oroison a nostre dame, Obsecro te…et michi famule tue impetres…[Leroquais, LH 2:346]; O intemerata…orbis terrarum. De te enim…michi miserrime peccatrici…[Wilmart, 494-95]; Ung religieux et chanoine regulier qui eubt nom arnoul…Missus est gabriel angelus…[Leroquais, LH 1:95]; Devote oroison a la vierge marie, Stabat mater dolorosa…[RH 19416] with versicle and prayer, Interveniat pro nobis quesumus domine ihesu christe…; O Domine ihesu christe adoro te in cruce pendentem…[the 7 prayers of Gregory, with indulgence; Leroquais, LH 2:346]. 8. ff. 190v-200: Suffrages of the Trinity, Peter and Paul, Sebastian, Anthony abbot, Adrianus, Piatus, Mary Magdalene, Julianus, Catherine of Alexandria, Barbara, Holy Spirit, Roch. 9. ff. 200-204v: Orison a l’elevation du corps de ihesu crist, Anima christi sanctifica me…[Leroquais, LH 2:340]; Quand on lieve le calice dy, Ave vere sanguis domini nostri ihesu christi…; Quant on veult recepvoir le corps de nostre seigneur ihesu crist, Domine non sum digna ut intres sub tectum meum set tu domine qui dixisti…; Quand on l’a receu, Vera perceptio corporis et sanguinis tui…; Sensieult devote orison que on doit dire pour les trepasses la quelle fu trouvee a romme derriere l’autel en la capelle saint pierre et ordonna et ottroya le pape Jehan XII…, Avete omnes anime fideles…, with versicle, response and prayer, Domine ihesu christe salus et liberatio…[Leroquais, LH 2:341]; f. 205r-v, ruled, but blank. Parchment, ff. ii (modern parchment) + ii (contemporary parchment) + 205 + ii (modern parchment); 167 × 117 (94 × 66) mm. 1 (of uncertain structure up to f. 5) 28 38(+1, f. 14) 48(+1, f. 23 and 9, f. 31) 58 68(+3, f. 43) 78(+7, f. 56) 88 98(+6, f. 72) 108(+3, f. 78) 118(+3, f. 87 and 9, f. 93; with catchword “Domine ne” which refers to quire 13, the beginning of the Penitential psalms) 128(ff. 95-102, the weekly variations of psalms at matins) 138(+1, f. 103) 14-228 236(+4, f. 187) 248 258(-8). Catchwords usually cropped, written in the inner right corner; quire and leaf signatures, often cropped, as letters of the alphabet and roman numerals. 15 long lines, ruled in purple ink; pricking in all 3 outer margins. Written in a gothic book hand. Full page miniatures, executed on the versos of inserted singletons, blank on the rectos; 11 are extant; presumably another 3 were once in the manuscript for terce, sext and the Office of the Dead. The miniatures are enclosed by brightly painted borders of strewn flowers, branchy acanthus, strawberries, insects and birds, of rather poor quality; the facing rectos have similar borders and 4-line initials of branchy acanthus against square colored grounds with a flower in the infilling. The miniatures are: f. 14v (Hours of the Cross), Crucifixion with Mary and John; f. 23v (Hours of the Holy Spirit), Pentecost; f. 31v (Hours of the Virgin), Annunciation; f. 43v (Lauds), Visitation, outside the gates of a town; f. 56v (Prime), Nativity; f. 72v (None), Presentation in the temple; f. 78v (Vespers), Flight into Egypt with falling idol in the background; f. 87v (Compline), Coronation of the Virgin before the Father and the Son as separate figures with the Dove above them; f. 93v (Salve Regina), the Virgin, standing, holding the Child, before an open book; f. 103v (Penitential psalms), David in prayer, facing God the Father, who is depicted in the historiated initial on the facing page; f. 122 (Office of the Dead), text begins with a historiated initial of a skull, the lower border contains the nude body of a dead woman; f. 187v (the 7 O’s of Gregory), John the Baptist, sitting, holding a book and pointing to the Lamb, while in the background he is shown beheaded, as the executioner places his severed head on Salome’s plate. An 11-line miniature, f. 177 (Missus est gabriel) depicts the 4th vision of Mary when she saw her Son risen. Fourteen small miniatures, 7-line: f. 167 (Obsecro te), John supports the body of Christ while Mary and another woman worship him; f. 171 (O Intemerata), Christ showing his wound, and Mary her breast, with God the Father in the background; f. 184v (Stabat mater), Crucifixion; f. 190v (Trinity), God supporting the body of Christ, with the Dove above them; f. 191, Peter and Paul; f. 192, Sebastian, in armor, holding arrows; f. 193, Anthony abbot; f. 194, Adrianus in armor with sword and lion; f. 194v, Piatus in priestly garb, holding the sliced-off top of his head; f. 195, Mary Magdalene; f. 195v, Julian and his wife ferrying the leper across the river; f. 196, Catherine; f. 197, Barbara reading in front of the tower; f. 198 (Holy Spirit), Pentecost; f. 199, Roch showing the sore on his leg to an angel. 2-line initials in branchy white acanthus leaves on olive-green square grounds with gold flecked lines for depth; 1-line initials of painted gold on blue or maroon square grounds. Rubrics in red. Bound by F. Bedford in brown morocco, gilt and blind stamped; gilt edges. Written in the early sixteenth century in Flanders, possibly for use in the diocese of Tournai, given the presence of Piatus twice in the calendar and in the suffrage, and the possibly 3 entries for Eleutherius in the calendar. Northern spellings: bietremieu, mahieu, franchois (in the calendar), tierche, lichon. Feminine forms used in the prayers. On f. i, two sixteenth century possession notes, the first identifying the owner of the book as the “vefve Franchois houselot”; in the second, the owner “yhalian [?] hogheselot” of Lille declares to have received this book from her grandmother in 1571. Belonged to William Bragge, F.S.A., of Shirle Hall, Sheffield (1823-84); his sale, Sotheby’s, 7 June 1876, lot 480 to the dealer B. F. Stevens. Belonged to Robert Hoe: Grolier Club (1892) n. 23; Cat. (1909) pp. 55-56; his sale, Anderson, New York, 1912, pt. IV, n. 2341 to G. D. Smith. Precise source and date of acquisition by Henry E. Huntington unknown. Bibliography: De Ricci, 98. E. Panofsky, Early Netherlandish Painting (Cambridge, Mass. 1953) vol. 1, pp. 263, 463 note 4, erroneously identifying the subject of the miniature on f. 177 as the appearance of Christ to a private gentleman. J. D. Breckenridge, “Et prima vidit: The Iconography of the Appearance of Christ to His Mother,” Art Bulletin 39, 1 (1957) 9-32, especially p. 27 and fig. 13, reproducing f. 177.
Flanders, s. XVIin
C. W. Dutschke with the assistance of R. H. Rouse et al., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Huntington Library (San Marino, 1989). Copyright 1989.
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, San Marino, California.
Electronic version encoded by Sharon K, Goetz, 2003.
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