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New York, New York Public Library, Spencer Collection,  NYPL Spencer 002
Description:De la Twyere Psalter ff. iii + 267 + iii - 17th century English red morocco with gilt tooling. - For a member of the La Twyere family or for the hospital founded by them at Holderness, Yorkshire; gift of Lady Middleton to Thomas, Lord Fairfax (d. 1671). John Broadley, 1831; John Wilks, 1847; 4th Earl of Ashburnham. Henry Yates Thompson, to Quaritch. - De Ricci, 1335. Lucy Freeman Sandler, English Gothic Manuscripts, 1285-1385 (Oxford, 1986), 41-2 (no. 36). - Jonathan J. G. Alexander, James H. Marrow and Lucy Freeman Sandler, The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts at the New York Public Library(London / Turnhout: The New York Public Library / Harvey Miller Publishers, 2005) n. 42.
Notes:-Two sets of foliation on every recto.
Acknowledgments: - We thank Prof. Lucy Freeman Sandler for her extensive work towards the present description of this manuscript.
Number of Parts: 1 - Number of Images Available: 19
Direct Link: http://ds.lib.berkeley.edu/NYPLSpencer002_42
Language: Latin Country: England Century: 14th

Part 1: ff. 1-267v
Description: - Parchment - 298 x 185 mm - 18 long lines, ruled in ink. Prickings and catchwords visible, although catchwords often mostly lost to trimming. Collation: gatherings of 12 are the norm for the main portion of the manuscript, ff. 15-241 (I-VI12; VII11; VIII-XIX12).
Country: EnglandCardinal point:
Region: City: York
Assigned Date: s. XIVinSearchable Date Range: 1300 - 1315
Dated by scribe: NoInscribed Date:
Document: NoNumber of Scribes:
Script: Littera prescissa
Figurative Decoration: 13 full pages of miniatures showing Old and New Testament cycle, ff. 2v-8v; 1 leaf possibly missing betwn. ff. 7 and 8.
Other Decoration: Historiated initial at each psalm, often with painted design extending into border. Alternating 1-line blue and gold initials with blue and red penwork. Blue, red and gold linefillers. Gold and silver capitals at openings of main text divisions.
Notes: Deaths of members of De la Twyere family are recorded in calendar, the last is Peter in 1304. Sandler dates this manuscript to after 1304 - c. 1310. Marginalia in post-1600 hand. Strips of silk sewn over initials. Latin
Number of Texts: 1

Text 1: ff. 2v-267
Title: Psalter
Language(s): Latin
Incipit: Beatus vir qui non abiit in consilio impiorum et in via peccatorum non stetit
Explicit: et omnibus fidelibus vivis ac defunctis in terra viventium vitam et requiem eternam concede. Per eundem.
Notes: On ff. 9-14v, calendar; on ff. 230v-267, the 6 OT canticles, Te Deum, Benedicite, the 3 NT canticles, Nicene Creed, Gloria, Pater noster, Credo, penitential psalms by cue, litany, prayers, office of the dead with psalms by cue, use of Rouen? 
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f. 2v   Full-page miniature with four scenes: Creation of Adam; Creation of Eve; God warning Adam and Eve; Adam and Eve eating from the Tree of Knowledge.
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f. 3   Full page miniature with four scenes: Expulsion of Adam and Eve; Adam delving and Eve spinning as they labor outside the Garden, and the angel offers them clothes; Cain and Abel making offerings; Cain slaying Abel.
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f. 3v   Full-page miniature with four scenes: Noah told to build the ark by an angel who offers him an ax; ark being loaded; flood; animals begin to leaves the ark as the dove with the olive branch returns.
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f. 4   Full-page miniature with four scenes: Abraham leading Isaac to sacrifice; sacrifice of Isaac halted by the angel; Isaac blessing Jacob as Rachel watches; Jacob wrestling the angel.
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f. 4v   Full-page miniature with four scenes: Joseph sold into slavery; Jacob seeing Joseph's coat; Joseph in Egypt, brought before Potiphar; Joseph leaving Potiphar's wife.
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f. 5   Full-page miniature with four scenes: Joseph in prison; Joseph interpreting the dream of the butler and the baker; the Pharoah rewards the butler and hangs the baker; Joseph kneeling before the Pharoah.
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f. 5v   Full-page miniature with four scenes: Moses before Pharoah as Aaron's rod is transformed into a serpent; the horned Moses parting the Red Sea; the Red Sea engulfing the Pharoah's children; Moses teaching the Children of Israel.
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f. 6   Full-page miniature with four scenes: Moses inscribing the Ten Commandments with a stylus (or a chisel?); Moses discovering the Children of Israel worshipping the Golden Calf; Samson slaying the lion; Samson destroying the Temple of Dragon.
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f. 6v   Full-page miniature with four scenes: David, holding his slingshot, standing before Goliath; David beheading Goliath; David playing his lyre; the judgment of Solomon before two mothers.
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f. 7   Full-page miniature with four scenes: Annunciation; Nativity; Massacre of the Innocents; Presentation in the Temple.
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f. 7v   Full-page miniature with three scenes: Adoration of the Magi (in two upper compartments); Baptism of Christ; Entry into Jerusalem.
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f. 8   Full-page miniature with four scenes: Christ in Limbo; Resurrection; Maries at the Tomb; Noli me tangere.
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f. 8v   Full-page miniature with four scenes: Pentecost; Christ enthroned; Doubting Thomas; Ascension.
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f. 13   Page of calendar, for September, written in black, red, blue and gold. Monthly occupation: peasant sowing; zodic: libra. Obituary note, 25 September, of William de la Twyere, d. ca. 1268 (he had been sheriff of the Earl of Aumale).
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f. 15   Tree of Jesse, with David, Solomon, the Virgin and Child, the Crucifixion, and prophets on either side. In the border, scenes from life of David.
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f. 26v   2-line historiated initial introducing psalm 12 (minor textual division); ropelike border bar; catchword visible.
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f. 90   6-line historiated initial for Ps. 51 ("Quid gloriaris in malitia""), showing Dives and Lazarus, and in the margins vignettes of a king as judge, and two executions. Capitals in gold and silver.
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f. 251   End of Pater Noster, opening of the Creed, 2-line historiated initial with painted design extending into border.
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f. 267   Explicit of text. Responses to readings from office of the dead: Credo quod; Qui lazarum; Domine quando; Heu michi; Ne recorderis; Libera . . . de viis inferni; Peccantem me; Requiem eternam; Libera . . . de morte eterna.
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